Cairo Dock has a gadget like that, if you mouse-over it it will display like a 5-day forecast and normally shows current conditions, but not sure if you can get your location on it. that i am not too knowledgeable about.
KDE also has a built-in tool that displays similar but in the form of a desktop widget.
Samsung Galaxy S4 **NEW** (GS3 screen finally shattered)
Samsung Galaxy Tab 3 7.0 (non-rooted, stock)
Samsung Galaxy Tab 2 10.1 (obsolete, slow, rooted)
Samsung Galaxy Note 10.1 2014 Edition