Well, the closest I have come to actually undeleting the folders I managed to get rid of the other day is through extundelete.
Unfortunately, I get this error:
extundelete: failed to read-only open device "/dev/sda5": Error code 2133571347
Apparently, this error code means 'bad ext2 magic' or something along those lines... I'm wondering if there's something weird about EFI or GPT involved here.
At any rate, I am running out of ideas here.
I suppose I could just give up and start reinstalling all the data from other sources, but that's weeks of extra work.
Available Custom Launchers, Quicklists for Unity
Desktop Entry Specification
Here is an example of a .desktop file I made:
Exec=firefox -no-remote --class Roaming -private -P Roaming %F
Name=Firefox for away-from-home
GenericName[en_US]=Firefox for away-from-home
Note, the property Name[en_US]=
will set the visible name of the .desktop file when you make it executable.