Feb 23, 2021
The function wifiManager.startScan() does not return any results when tested on a device instead of in the emulator. After searching around I found posts from 2 years ago stating that for API 26+ the wifiManager was changed to work differently. My question is: how to get it to work, aka to return me the list of available wifi networks to connect?

I have a button and a listview and on create I enable the wifi. When the button is pressed I scan for wifi networks and populate the listview with their names. Upon clicking a list item a pop asking for the wifi passwords appears. Afterwards it attempts to connect via the network name and the entered password.

Here is my current code (although I have a lot of experience in programming, I have little experience in Android Studio, so everything is crammed in one script). It works in the emulator (I get the predefined wifi network and successfully connect to it). On a device, however, it doesn't find any wifi networks despite seeing 4-5 when opening my wifi settings from the top navbar and not from the app. The three commented out lines are what I found I'm supposed to do to get the wifiManager to get scan results on API 26+ (though I probably put it in the wrong place due to my limited knowledge of Android Studio)

package com.example.bla;

import android.Manifest;
import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentFilter;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.net.wifi.ScanResult;
import android.net.wifi.WifiConfiguration;
import android.net.wifi.WifiManager;
import android.net.wifi.WifiNetworkSuggestion;
import android.os.Build;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AlertDialog;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat;
import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private WifiManager wifiManager;
    private ListView listView;
    private Button buttonScan;
    private int size = 0;
    private List<ScanResult> results;
    private ArrayList<String> arrayList = new ArrayList<String>();
    private ArrayAdapter adapter;
    private int REQUEST_LOCATION = 101;
    private EditText input;
    private AlertDialog ad;

    private int ItemNumb;

    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        buttonScan = findViewById(R.id.scanBtn);
        buttonScan.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(View view) {

        listView = findViewById(R.id.wifilist);
        wifiManager = (WifiManager) getApplicationContext().getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);

        if (!wifiManager.isWifiEnabled()) {
            Toast.makeText(this, "Wifi is disabled... Enabling it", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

        adapter = new ArrayAdapter<>(this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, arrayList);

        AlertDialog.Builder alertBuilder = new AlertDialog.Builder(MainActivity.this);
        alertBuilder.setTitle("Connect to network?");
        alertBuilder.setMessage("Please enter network password");
        input = new EditText(MainActivity.this);
        alertBuilder.setPositiveButton("Submit", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialogInterface, int i) {
                connectToNetwork("\"" + results.get(ItemNumb).SSID.toString() + "\"", input.getText().toString());
        alertBuilder.setNegativeButton("Cancel", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialogInterface, int i) {

        ad = alertBuilder.create();

        listView.setOnItemClickListener(new AdapterView.OnItemClickListener() {
            public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> adapterView, View view, int i, long l) {
                ItemNumb = I;

        //IntentFilter intentFilter = new IntentFilter();
        //registerReceiver(wifiReceiver, intentFilter);

    private void scanWifi() {
        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            requestPermissions(new String[]{Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION}, REQUEST_LOCATION);
        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            requestPermissions(new String[]{Manifest.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE}, REQUEST_LOCATION);
        registerReceiver(wifiReceiver, new IntentFilter(WifiManager.SCAN_RESULTS_AVAILABLE_ACTION));
        Toast.makeText(this, "Scanning Wifi...", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull String[] permissions, @NonNull int[] grantResults) {
        if (grantResults.length == 0 || grantResults[0] != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), permissions[0] + " permission refused", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        } else {
            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), permissions[0] + " permission granted", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

    BroadcastReceiver wifiReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
        public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
            results = wifiManager.getScanResults();

            for (ScanResult scanResult : results) {
                arrayList.add(scanResult.SSID + " - " + scanResult.capabilities);

    private void connectToNetwork(String networkSSID,  String networkPass)
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.Q)
            WifiNetworkSuggestion networkSuggestion1 =
                    new WifiNetworkSuggestion.Builder()

            WifiNetworkSuggestion networkSuggestion2 =
                    new WifiNetworkSuggestion.Builder()

            List<WifiNetworkSuggestion> suggestionsList = new ArrayList<>();

            WifiConfiguration wifiConfiguration = new WifiConfiguration();
            wifiConfiguration.SSID = String.format("\"%s\"", networkSSID);
            wifiConfiguration.preSharedKey = String.format("\"%s\"", networkPass);
            int wifiID = wifiManager.addNetwork(wifiConfiguration);
            wifiManager.enableNetwork(wifiID, true);

I'm developing an app for the less technologically capable. For that purpose the app itself enables wifi, lists networks and lets you connect to a preferred network via the app rather than having you manually do it from the top android navbar. This is a non-negotiable product requirement, so I'm searching for solutions on how to change my code to get the wifi list successfully for API 26+ and not suggestions for alternate designs.